As another day of snow arrives, I thought I would provide some information on the City’s winter control efforts. Here are some answers to common questions we have received to date from you or residents in our community:
How do other municipalities handle winter maintenance?
Winter maintenance varies from municipality to municipality. Some municipalities use City-owned equipment and use their own staff; in other municipalities, some locations are contracted out.
Guelph uses a mix of both of these options. On primary and secondary routes, we use City equipment, which have plows and salt/sand hoppers. On residential streets we use contractors that have plows only. Usually City plows and contractor plows do not overlap, though a City truck may plow a street where a concern is raised or if the street was missed by a contractor. While utilizing contractors to plow the City’s residential streets keeps our capital and staffing costs down, we only plow during significant events and as such often residents voice a lack of service compared to the primary and secondary streets. Under our current agreement, the City has limited ability to comment on the type of equipment used by contractors or the level of experience their operators may have. The use of multiple contractors with a variety or equipment and operator experience causes inconsistencies in our collective effort to clear snow.
How does the City handle icy conditions?
When icy conditions occur, we are responsible for applying materials to all streets and we prioritize based on the Minimum Maintenance Standards. It does take time for the City’s 13 salt trucks to provide service on all streets. Our staff are the only ones providing this service; contractors are not used to salt and sand because some do not have the equipment for it.
Will the City be reviewing its practices related to winter maintenance?
In April 2019, our winter control contract ends. At this time, we will be reviewing the contract to reduce inconsistencies and place requirements on the equipment our contractors use. Later this year, we will also be conducting a route optimization process to identify where we may be able to find improvements and efficiencies in our current service level. We anticipate that this process may highlight the need for additional City trucks and drivers.
Why can’t the City consistently respond to snow and ice storms?
It is really important for us to highlight that each storm is different and our response to each storm has to be unique in how we respond and the resources we use. A one size fits all model does not work for Mother Nature. The same could be said for comparing municipalities’ equipment, staffing and service levels. While we cannot specifically speak to reasoning, there are significant yearly differences in precipitation and temperatures, resulting in changes to our processes, materials or routes mid-storm to address changing conditions.
For example, the temperatures during the February 6 storm dropped significantly just after midnight. This quick temperature change with the heavy rain resulted in an ice layer forming on City streets and sidewalks, and as discussed previously, our resources to tackle icy conditions beyond the minimum maintenance guidelines is limited. Compounding the issue is road salt does not work effectively in temperatures below -9 and its use in these temperatures is not environmentally or financially responsible.
Can the City’s plow blades cut through ice?
Unfortunately they cannot. For safety reasons and to prevent damage to roads, vehicles and drivers, the blades float on the surface. Our drivers can feel something as small as grains of salt on the road. Hardened windrows and ice present health and safety concerns to our crews.
Can other equipment help cut through ice better than plow blades?
In some areas, graders could cut the ice, however, doing so would likely not have the desired effect and could result in damage to catch basins and other road infrastructure. Ice would then be deposited at the end of driveways and become the responsibility for home owners to clear.
Why doesn’t the City use chemical de-icers and treated salt?
While these materials may work in large concentrations on driveways and areas where there is no moving traffic, their use on City roads and sidewalks is impractical, cost prohibitive and may be environmentally unfriendly. Instead, we apply sand until temperatures return to a consistent level where salt will be effective. The use of these materials is usually reserved for extreme measures on the main roads.
Can we increase the service level of plows to residential streets to prevent ice from forming?
Council has directed staff to plow residential streets after 10 centimetres or more of snow has fallen. Increasing plowing may not have an affect on flash freezes, however, it could reduce snow accumulation on residential streets. Changing this level of service may have a financial impact. We intend to review the opportunity to plow more often or at a lower accumulation during the route optimization process.
Should the City pass a bylaw requiring residents to clear their sidewalks?
Although other municipalities do have bylaws in place, municipalities are still responsible for maintenance under the Minimum Maintenance Standards. Regardless of who shovels or plows the sidewalk, the City is still liable for any trips and falls.
Moving to this type of program would require additional resources to monitor the City’s sidewalks, enforce the bylaw and if necessary, clear, invoice and attend Court for any charges.
In addition, the City would still be required to clear sidewalks along common areas such as in front of parks. Though we could look at this option again, we did review this matter a few years ago and it was dismissed as it was not a good fit for Guelph residents, especially those who would be receiving a fine, only to watch a sidewalk plow pass their home to address a common sidewalk. We do still ask residents to help us keep sidewalks, fire hydrants and storm basins clear where it is safe for them to do so.
We are always looking at improving customer service and moving forward we have a number items underway or starting soon:
· 2/3 of our existing salt trucks/plows are being replaced this year and we are hopeful this new equipment will result in fewer breakdowns and better application of sand and salt
· Our winter control contract ends this April and our goal this year is to review the contracts, reduce inconsistencies where possible and place requirements on the equipment being used
· Route optimization will help identify improvements and efficiencies and address any gaps in service that may be present
· We continue to explore the use of other equipment, such as the ice breaking equipment being used by Montreal
Following the above, we will have a better idea on how to improve our winter control efforts moving forward. Once completed we can report back to Council on any budgetary impacts.
Mayor’s Task Force on Homelessness and Community Safety
“We cannot be a community if we’re leaving people behind.”
Mayor Cam Guthrie, State of the City address, February 7, 2019
Guelph’s Mayor, Cam Guthrie, announced in his December 3, 2018 inaugural address to Council that he would establish a Mayor’s Task Force to address issues of homelessness, addictions, and community safety.
The goal of the Task Force is to form an action plan that can be implemented quickly and make a measurable impact on the homelessness issue. The focus is on amplifying work that is already ongoing, including initiatives and solutions that have been assessed and planned but not implemented (or cancelled when funding ran out).
The Task Force includes representatives from the Guelph-Wellington Task Force on Poverty Elimination, the Wellington Guelph Drug Strategy, the County of Wellington, Member of Parliament, Member of Provincial Parliament, and other agencies and leaders who are experts in both the problems and the potential solutions. A complete list can be found below.
Through two meetings in January 2019, the Task Force agreed on a priority list of five actions. They are:
- Permanent supportive housing to house 15 chronically homeless individuals with complex needs from the County of Wellington’s By Name List. The housing would be staffed 24/7 to support residents struggling with addiction, mental health, or chronic health issues, so that they can maintain housing. It would stop the cycle of more expensive interventions such as the shelter system, emergency services and hospital, police, and the justice system. Cost: Annual costs estimated at $915,000 ($800,000 staffing + $115 annual operation costs). Capital costs, assuming a new 15-unit build, would total $4.5 million ($300,000 per unit).
- Re-open a Supported Recovery Room for people experiencing addiction or mental health crisis, who are too sick to be in a shelter, but not sick enough to be in a hospital. The SSR would have a minimum of five beds, would be staffed by a registered nurse, addiction counsellor, and peer worker, and would meet sleep and recovery needs for clients for up to 72 hours. A pilot project ran successfully until funding expired, and a service plan and budget is already in place. A host building would need to be found. Cost: Annual operating costs estimated at $670,000. A host building would need to be found.
- Fund the Welcoming Streets outreach worker who supports individuals and businesses in the downtown. The funding for this pilot project expires March 31, 2019. The pilot was successful in connecting individuals to services and supports, and educating and empowering downtown businesses. Cost: Annual operating costs are $83,000, plus in-kind training and support from the Downtown Guelph Business Association, the Guelph Community Health Centre, and the Guelph Police Service.
- Re-start an Addiction Court Support Worker program, which provides a counsellor who connects people to addiction services and supports at a key moment: when they are in bail court. The pilot project, which ran in 2017, showed positive outcomes. Participants reported engaging with treatment (many for the first time) and having fewer, or no further, contacts with police. Cost: Annual operating costs of $100,000.
- System and service improvements, such as expanding service hours to evenings, weekends, and holidays; including peer supports in service delivery; and including homeless people and substance users in the design of services. It was agreed that moving to 24/7 service would be ideal. Service improvements will vary depending on what actions different agencies decide to take. Each agency will be responsible for initiating and implementing their own improvements. Cost: Will vary depending on projects; costs could be absorbed within existing operational budgets.
The Task Force agreed that the single largest barrier to achieving these priorities is lack of funding. Discussions are now underway to attempt to secure funding for the most immediate- term priorities: the supportive recovery room; Welcoming Streets; and addiction court support worker program. Discussions are also underway to find a host location for the supportive recovery room, once funding is secured. Because each of these programs existed previously, work plans and partnerships are already in place and can be re-started when funding is in place.
Permanent supportive housing is a medium- to long-term priority, with a goal of establishing it within the next four years, and funding requests will come to Guelph City Council and any partner agencies in 2020. Currently, City and County staff are collaborating to compile an inventory of options (including any potential buildings or land) and develop a project plan, so that the project could apply for funding as it becomes available.
Mayor Guthrie has committed to hosting further meetings of the Task Force as needed, and to keep the community updated on progress in achieving the priorities.
When it comes to housing affordability, communities can face challenges both in absolute terms with the price of housing, and in relative terms with the types of housing. Guelph struggles with both. Housing is expensive and, with limited stock, it can be challenging to find an appropriate option to meet needs.
- Guelph’s rental vacancy rate is one of the lowest in Ontario, at 1.4 per cent. 3 per cent is considered a healthy vacancy rate.
- 41 per cent of tenant households in Guelph are spending 30% or more of their household income on shelter costs.
- 5,985 households in Guelph are in core housing need, meaning their dwelling is inadequate, unsuitable, or unaffordable and they can’t afford alternative housing.
Social and affordable housing
The County of Wellington is the Consolidated Municipal Service Manager for social housing operations, and the City of Guelph provides ongoing, annual funding to the County for this. In its 2019 budget, the City has allocated $15.9 million to the County’s social housing operations and capital investment.
The City supports affordable housing by investing in projects such as the remediation of 200 Beverley, a future affordable housing project, and through funding to cover Development Charges exemptions for new accessory apartments, which help increase housing supply. The City currently has $900,000 in an Affordable Housing Reserve to support the implementation of the City’s Affordable Housing Strategy.
The City and County are working with community partners to identify potential social and affordable housing projects that could meet the funding criteria of the Government of Canada’s National Housing Strategy (NHS), which is expected to be released in April 2019. Funding commitments from other levels of government are required to be eligible for NHS funding.
Though Guelph has affordability challenges across the housing continuum, the Mayor’s Task Force is focused on the people who are most at risk in this crisis: people who are experiencing homelessness.
What we know about homelessness in Guelph
The County of Wellington and Poverty Task Force held a Point-in-Time Count in April 2018, which provided a snapshot of homelessness at that specific point in time. 325 individuals were found to be experiencing homelessness in Guelph-Wellington, and 81 per cent (or 261) of these individuals were living in Guelph.
- 136 individuals were temporarily sheltered (couch surfing, motel/hotel, public systems such as a hospital or jail)
- 71 were staying in emergency shelters
- 39 were unsheltered (sleeping in public or private spaces without consent or in places such as vehicles or makeshift shelters)
- 15 had an unknown location (the participant did not wish to share the location, or they did not know where they were going to stay at the time of the survey).
When asked what happened that caused them to lose their housing most recently, nearly one- quarter (22%) of individuals reported addiction or substance use.
When asked to name their most problematic health issues, 64% identified mental health issues and 61% identified addiction issues.
25% of respondents identified fear for their personal safety as the reason they choose not to stay in emergency shelter.
Guelph and Wellington has a quality By Name List, which is an ongoing and dynamic system to know every homeless person in the community by name. Guelph is the fourth community in Canada to have a quality By-Name List. The 15 individuals on the By Name List with the most complex needs have been homeless for an average of 27 months; 93% of them have mental health issues or concerns, 87% have substance use issues, and 33% have chronic health issues.
The County of Wellington has implemented a Coordinated Entry System, which is a streamlined process to improve access to housing and services for people experiencing homelessness. The County has adopted a Housing First approach, which is a recovery-oriented approach to ending homelessness that centers on quickly moving people experiencing homelessness into independent and permanent housing, and then providing additional supports and services as needed. The basic underlying principle of Housing First is that people are better able to move forward with their lives if they are first housed.
Task Force: premise of work
The Task Force began its work by hearing from local experts, including the County of Wellington, Task Force for Poverty Elimination, and Wellington-Guelph Drug Strategy. They received the context and data provided above. To bring real-life perspective to the data, the Task Force also heard from shelter directors who shared the stories (using assumed names) of a local youth and adult who are experiencing homelessness.
Shelter directors and other agencies reported that there is capacity at Guelph’s emergency shelters, even on the coldest nights, and that hotels and motels are used if shelters reach capacity.
The Task Force agreed that issues of homelessness, substance use, and mental health are all related, and that the majority of people in Guelph who are homeless are also experiencing issues with mental health and substance use. A solution requires more than simply adding beds; it involves addressing mental health and addiction needs so that individuals with complex needs are able to maintain housing. Addressing homelessness could also take pressure off other, often more costly services such as the hospital’s emergency room, EMS, Guelph Police, corrections and court systems, emergency shelters and drop-in centres, and front line health and social services agencies.
Process for selecting priorities
The Mayor’s Task Force determined its list of five priorities through two facilitated meetings in January 2019. A list of potential initiatives was assessed through two group prioritization exercises, and five priorities emerged: permanent supportive housing; Welcoming Streets; a supported recovery room; addiction court support worker program; and system and service improvements.
Participants met at in small groups to consider the priorities further using a work sheet that asked the following questions:
What is it? What are the main parts of this project/idea? What are the deliverables that we expect to occur?
What should we consider? What is relatively easy to deliver? What will be difficult? What similar experiences have we had with this project or another similar project/idea?
What do we need? What are the main tasks involved in fulfilling this project/idea? What skills and resources do we bring? What or who do we need to bring in? What issues are known to us that will need to be resolved?
How can we do it? If we take X months to implement this project/idea, what will need to happen the first month? 2nd? 3rd? What will need to happen in the 2nd quarter? 3rd? 4th? Is there anything missing that needs to be done? Who can do it?
After completing the worksheets, groups reported back to the entire Task Force.
Task Force members agreed that permanent supportive housing is the action that would have the greatest impact on the homelessness issue, but it is also the most expensive. With funding and partnerships, the group agreed it could be achieved in the medium- to long-term.
With funding, the supported recovery room could be achieved in the short term as long as a host building is found. Because a successful pilot project has already existed, partnerships and a work plan are in place and could be re-activated.
The Welcoming Streets and addiction court support worker programs could be implemented in short order. The Welcoming Streets program is already operating, and only requires funding to be extended past March 31. The addiction court support worker program ran in 2017; re- starting the program would require the hiring of one employee (a counsellor).
The timeline for completing various system and service improvements depends on the improvements chosen. For example, service providers could decide to modify their hours to provide service on weekends and evenings. The group also discussed the need for a low-barrier gathering place, where people experiencing homelessness could go at any time to warm up and access food and clothing.
Conclusions and next steps
The Task Force achieved consensus that the five priorities would have a positive impact on the homelessness issue, and could be achieved in the short to medium term.
The group agreed that the greatest barrier to achieving each of the five priorities is lack of funding. If funding is secured, work plans, staffing, and partnerships could be put in place relatively quickly.
Mayor Guthrie pledged to ask Guelph City Council to approve municipal funding for the priorities through the City’s budget process; Council’s budget meeting takes place March 5th. He also pledged to meet with other levels of government and funding agencies to advocate for funding.
“This is an issue that has to be solved. We cannot be a community if we’re leaving people behind…No longer can I say ‘it’s their problem, it’s the provincial government’s problem or it’s the federal government’s problem’ and a year goes by and another year goes by and another year goes by and the same people aren’t getting help. We must step up.”
– Mayor Cam Guthrie, State of the City, February 7, 2019
Links to background documents:
Click HERE. I’ll share my thoughts after reading the entire report and materials. I’d love to hear your feedback too! Comment here or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Thank you ,
I chaired the first meeting of the Mayor’s Task Force on Homelessness and Community Safety yesterday. It was a stage-setting meeting where we talked about what the issues are, what’s being done already, and what some potential solutions are. In our next meeting, we will dig in to making a priority list of solutions.
Here are my introductory remarks from the meeting:
Welcome/ Thank you
I want to thank everyone for agreeing to serve on this Task Force. I know you’re all extremely busy – but when I asked for your help, you all immediately said “yes.” Thank you!
The Warden of the County of Wellington, Kelly Linton, has agreed to participate in the Task Force as Co-Chair, but he is unfortunately unable to make our two meetings because of scheduling conflicts. I will be sure to keep him updated. As most of you know, the County delivers Social Services for both the City and the County – including services related to housing, homelessness, income support, and children’s services. There are a number of County staff in the room today, and I am grateful that the County is participating in this initiative.
Context/ Set the stage
I want to take a couple of minutes to set the stage for the work we’re about to do, and let you know where I’m coming from – and what I hope we will achieve together.
I had two experiences in the Fall that were a bit of a wake-up call for me in terms of the urgency of this issue.
The first was when I visited the tent city that had been set up on York Road and talked to some of the people who lived there.
We all know there are places in the city where people are “living rough.” But I was taken aback by the size and scale of this location. It affected me when I talked to the residents and heard about their struggles with poverty, addictions, and mental health.
I thought, there is no way, in a prosperous city like Guelph, that we can turn a blind eye and accept that people are living like this. We have to do something – and quickly.
The second experience was when I began knocking on doors during the election campaign.
At house after house, on doorstep after doorstep, people were talking about the same thing – safety.
Quite frankly, people are tired of their cars getting broken into. They don’t feel safe walking at night. Children are seeing needles in parks.
This is not something I heard much about 4 years ago. We seem to have reached a tipping point.
Fairly or not, people tend to blame people who are homeless or using drugs for these issues.
At the same time, when we talk about safety, the people most at risk are those who do not have a safe place to sleep every night. They are the ones most at risk of violence. They are the ones most at risk of getting their belongings stolen.
So that’s what brought me to this point. I knew that one of my first priorities in this term of office had to be addressing homelessness and community safety – and the related problems of addictions and mental health.
I also knew that the City cannot tackle these issues on our own. I knew that I needed to bring together the experts, agencies, and community leaders who have been working on this for many years. That’s all of you – So thank you again for answering the call.
Goal/ what I want to achieve
If I could wave a magic wand, my ultimate goal would be to end homelessness in the city of Guelph. Everyone would have the shelter they need. No one would be sleeping in parks or bank machine lobbies.
That means meeting the needs of people with some of the most complex challenges. It’s more than just a bed to sleep on at night. It means meeting all their complex needs – including addiction and mental health supports.
So that’s my big-picture goal. What is my goal for this Task Force?
I want us to come up with a list of things we can do to move the needle on meeting those needs. And then I want us to make a plan to go out and get it done.
I’ve said publicly – I am not looking for more talk. I am looking for action.
That means we need to focus on things we can do soon. We need to focus on ideas that have already been studied and evaluated. We need to focus on ideas that are doable and achievable.
I boil it down to 3 criteria for potential solutions:
- Is it feasible?
- Does it have enough impact on the problem?
- Is it sustainable? Can we keep it going?
Plan for meetings:
We’re going to have two meetings.
In the first meeting today, we’re going to hear some presentations that focus on the problems we’re trying to solve, and offer some potential solutions.
Next week, we’re going to compile the list of potential solutions – including any that Task Force members want to add – and plot them on an impact-effort matrix. This will help us decide which solutions rise to the top, in terms of something that is achievable and will make a difference as soon as possible.
These are not simple issues – they are issues that every municipality faces, and no one has yet found a magic solution to them.
We are going to be talking about difficult issues, and I know there are going to be some uncomfortable moments. I will be challenging you, and please don’t be afraid to challenge me too.
All that I ask is that everyone be as open and candid as possible. We are all in this together.
Introduction of presentations:
I have said all along that I want to amplify and build on the great work that is already happening in our city around these issues.
There are two groups that have been at the forefront: The Guelph-Wellington Poverty Task Force and the Wellington-Drug Strategy.
These two groups receive funding from the City and the County. They are collaborations of many different front-line organizations and agencies. They have a good handle on the issues and the potential solutions.
I’m very pleased that these groups have offered to give presentations to us today, to set the stage for the work ahead. I want to thank Dominica MacPherson, who heads up the Poverty Task Force, and Adrienne Crowder, who leads the Drug Strategy – not only for their work in getting this Task Force going, but for the work they have done for many years on these issues in our community.
With that, I will welcome up Dominica McPherson and Ryan Pettipiere, Director of Housing for the County of Wellington, who will be giving the first presentation.
Here are my notes that I took during the meeting:
- $733 a month for Ontario Works
- April 2018 Time count
- 261 Individuals found to be experiencing homelessness in Guelph
- 22% said addiction or substance abuse
- Coordinated Entry System – Moving from managing to a response method that was “coordinated”
- It was a tracking system, knowing them by name
- Philosophy = Housing first – this is the key!
- Chronic – Defined as 6 or more months within the last year
- Data informed approach – allows to track progress
- They created a team in Guelph – to set local goals – # of active individuals is going down. So it’s working but more needs to be done.
- Need to strengthen relationships with institutions (like prisons)
- Story of Rene and Bob
- High level criminals aren’t seen and may want to hurt your family, the low-level is seen, that’s why a bike is stolen or tools are stolen from a truck
- Affordable housing reserve
- Four pillars are = Harm Reduction, Prevention, Treatment and Recovery, Community Safety
- Supportive recovery room
- Ambulance calls are increasing and increasing
- Addictions Court Support Worker needed
Next meeting is Jan 24th where we will nail down clear recommendations to be forwarded onto the right agency or partner. Also financial or budgetary asks will be sent to the right place if required.
Thank you to everyone involved so far! If you have any suggestions please feel free to email: Mayor@Guelph.ca
I’m very excited to share the outcome of a motion I brought forward to council last year directing staff to review opportunities within our surplus assets policies for the city to engage with local groups that may be in need of items that can benefit them.
Items such as desks, chairs, computers, cabinets, projectors, printers and so on…
It will align with the Community Well Being Grants issued on an annual basis.
The information report released today outlines:
Next steps will be:
The link to this entire report is HERE, so you can read it yourself. (Scroll down about 5 pages to start the report) I’m just providing some of the highlights above.
I hope our Guelph community groups take a look at this, and use it, while this pilot is being run.